China as a whole consists of centuries-old history and diverse culture. The country amasses a large amount of land and the country is divide into several regions. Each region has its own fascinating and completely unique culture and history, which is the reason why China has such a diverse culture. The development of the culture south of the Yangtze River, gave way to its political and economic status. In the 4th Century, the Jin Dynasty was established in Nanjing and since then the Song, Qi, Liang, and Chen Dynasties changed in-turn and had dominated the Yangtze River region for 272 years. During this period, China was divided into two large-scale dynasties for the first time in the history. It greatly promoted the development of the Jiangnan region, especially in 12th Century, after the Jingkangchange occurred during the Southern Song
Dynasty. Thus, Lingan became the capital city and the economic center transferred to the South.